Homer

Marble terminal bust of Homer. Roman copy of a lost Hellenistic original of the 2nd c. BC. Homer (; , ''Hómēros'') (born ) was a Greek poet who was the legendary author to whom the authorship of the ''Iliad'' and the ''Odyssey'' (the two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature) is attributed. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential authors of all time. In Dante Alighieri's ''Divine Comedy'', Virgil refers to him as "Poet sovereign", king of all poets; in the preface to his translation of the ''Iliad'', Alexander Pope acknowledges that Homer has always been considered the "greatest of poets".

The ''Iliad'' is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Mycenaean Greek kingdoms. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war. The ''Odyssey'' focuses on the ten-year journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy.

The Homeric epics were a defining influence on ancient Greek culture and education. To Plato, Homer was simply the one who "has taught Greece" (τὴν Ἑλλάδα πεπαίδευκεν, ''tēn Helláda pepaídeuken''). From antiquity until the present day, the influence of Homeric epic on Western civilization has been great, inspiring many of its most famous works of literature, music, art and film.

The question of by whom, when, where and under what circumstances the ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'' were composed continues to be debated. It is generally accepted that the two works were written by different authors. It is thought that the poems were composed at some point around the late eighth or early seventh century BC. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. Modern scholars consider these accounts legendary.

The poems are in Homeric Greek, also known as Epic Greek, a literary language which shows a mixture of features of the Ionic and Aeolic dialects from different centuries; the predominant influence is Eastern Ionic. Most researchers believe that the poems were originally transmitted orally. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Homer
Published 1938
Book
2
by Homer
Published 1901
Book
3
by Homer
Published 1971
Book
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search